Stoichiometry of an Acid-Base Reaction

Learning Objectives:

Students examine the analytical uses of a neutralization reaction.


Students react hydrochloric acid and sodium carbonate to produce sodium chloride, carbon dioxide, and water. Sodium carbonate acts as a conjugate base to hydrochloric acid - it dissolves in water and produces basic ions from water molecules. Students can use the concept of neutralization to find the stoichiometry of the reaction by quantitatively determining the amount of acid (or base) in the solution.